Now Available: 2019 Black Rock City Census Population Analysis

By Justine Schott

I was planning for 2020 to be my first burn. I was ready to turn my reality upside down. Little did I know that my reality would change drastically from my own home.

When I volunteered to write this blog post a few months ago, I wasn’t sure if I was the right person. I’ve never actually seen Black Rock City. How could I connect to a Burning Man community that I was just becoming a part of? Would the community trust that I was accurately conveying the context that our report is showing?

But now, we actually all have this shared experience of being a virgin: a virgin to this global pandemic, a virgin to massive unprecedented economic upheaval, and a virgin to being thrown into this world of forced physical distancing; however, we are not virgins to uncertainty and overcoming. We’ve all struggled with problems large and small. Though we each have unique challenges to overcome with COVID-19, we will always have this shared experience of exploring a new reality with alternating emotions of curiosity, fear, and even playfulness. We will all always have that shared experience from now on, whether we are in the Burning Man community or not. This year, we are all being thrown into a new kind of desert, all of us with a virgin mindset. Our global community is in the neighborhoods instead of Black Rock City, in street clothes instead of playa fashion, and wearing face coverings to prevent the coronavirus from entering our lungs, instead of the dust blown up from the desert windstorms.

I joined the Census Team to learn about the individuals who make up the Burning Man community. What I know about the Burning Man community so far is that Burners are tough and adaptable. Burners go into the desert to brave the elements and create connection in new and unexpected ways. Burners are radically self-reliant.

I know we have already started to adapt to these new rules of engagement and will continue to create within this new reality, including not building Black Rock City in 2020. As we look to what Burning Man is and will be moving forward, we aim to know more about how Burners and Black Rock City have adapted and changed in the past. Today, we see fewer Burners are coming to Black Rock City for the first time, and demographically we’re all getting a little older.

Black Rock City Census makes a commitment to collecting the data, analyzing the data, and reporting the data. We generally do not make a practice of interpreting the data; however, we are nerds and can’t help but sit around and postulate on what the data may mean about the people who come to Black Rock City. Here are some interesting data and some of the ideas our academics considered about how the Burning Man community developed in 2019:

The Community Population Shows the Most Stability Since 2013

The following metrics show that in 2019, Black Rock City has had the most consistency, i.e. little change in population demographics, in recent history.

1) Number of Burns attended

Tracking the proportion of virgins in Black Rock City can give the most insight into how much volatility should be expected in the population. However, in 2019, the decrease in the proportion of virgins attending Burning Man was the highest since 2013 at 18%. This is almost double the decrease of virgins in both 2017 and 2018.

2019 Decrease in Black Rock City Virgins Almost Double Previous Year’s Decrease

2) Age Range

Additionally, the median age of Black Rock City increased by one year for the second year in a row. A one-year increase is what would be expected if there were no change to the population. This is the first time in recent history that Black Rock City hasn’t shifted to be a younger demographic.

2019 Average Age of Burners Remains Stagnant for the Second Year in a Row

We Are Seeing the Community’s Life Journey Unfold

Given that the population is stabilizing, we are able to see how the community’s life journey has unfolded in 2019 with the following three metrics.

1) Relationship Status

For the first time in recent history, the proportion of married Burners was higher than the proportion of Burners in an unmarried relationship. One interpretation of this could be that Burners that were in an unmarried relationship decided to get married. Burners were most likely to have No Relationship, but that proportion has been steadily declining.

This also correlates with the median age data, above. As the median age has stabilized, this represents a higher number (or at least a stable number) of older Burners, who are more likely to be in a long term relationship based on the number of years they’ve been on this planet.

Black Rock City Changed its Relationship Status to Married

2019 increase In Married Burners was Over Double the Prior Year’s Increase

2) Personal Income

Also, Black Rock City participants were focusing on their finances. In 2019, the median annual income went up 11% from $65k to $72k. This is over double the annual increase from 2013 to 2018, which was 5%.

Black Rock City got a Raise

2019 Pay Increase was Double the Annual Increase in Recent History

3) Burning Man Ticket Source

Finally, we can deduce that more Burners made Burning Man a part of their lives outside of Black Rock City. This is one interpretation of the most likely ticket source for Burners, a Direct Group Sale, which may mean that they were involved in theme camps, art projects, mutant vehicles, or are staff/volunteers. The increase from 2018 was a whopping 22%, almost triple the previous year’s increase.

Black Rock City Made Burning Man Their Way of Life

2019 Increase in Black Rock City Year-Round Participation* Almost Triple Previous Year’s Increase

*Year-round participation is estimated using the Directed Group Sales tickets. Note, the number of Directed Group Sale tickets available is not consistent each year, and some of this increase is due to the increase in available DGS tickets between 2018 and 2019.

Increasing Diversity in BRC: A Work in Progress

While the trope of a largely white Burning Man is on the forefront of our collective consciousness these days, the ethnicity results in the 2019 Black Rock City Census tell a story of gradual progress. For the sixth straight year we have reported a decline in the percentage of participants selecting their ethnicity as “White/Caucasian (non-Hispanic),” from a high of 82.9% in 2013 to a low of 76.4% in 2019. While most ethnicity estimates have remained stable, since 2013 we have seen increases in the percentage of participants reporting Asian (from a low of 3.7% in 2013 to a high of 5.8% in 2018, and Hispanic/Latino (from a low of 3.0% in 2013 to a high of 5.4% in 2018) ethnicities, and the “other/multiple” category had the largest single year increase from 9.4% in 2018 to 10.3% in 2019.

In these trying times, it’s comforting to see that Burning Man has built a strong and stable community. There may not be a physical Black Rock City this year, but there is a reliable foundation for Burners to stay connected and keep the spirit of Burning Man alive in our own unique ways.

These are just a couple of conclusions that were drawn from the 2019 Census; there is so much more for you to explore at Feel free to explore topics like Black Rock City’s impacts, how people organized their camps, how people thought Burning Man should operate, and so much more. If you have any additional thoughts, we’d love for you to join us as a Census volunteer — we hope to hear from you soon!

About the author: Census Team

Census Team

The Census Lab is a volunteer team of information geeks, academic researchers, students, and general data nerds who have surveyed Black Rock City (BRC) residents since 2002.

17 Comments on “Now Available: 2019 Black Rock City Census Population Analysis

  • Chipper McKay says:

    This article is beautiful. So happy to have you as part of our team, and our community.

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  • Frankly says:

    Very interesting article.

    Just like I have been telling people for years, Directed Group Sales have increased astronomically because people that want to go to Burning Man are not stupid. They are tired of not getting a ticket. Hours of hoping they will be one of the lucky ones who are “chosen” in the Main Sale and can buy a ticket – and then not being able to buy ticket.

    Being a part of a theme camp, gives a participant a greater chance of securing a ticket through the Directed Group Sale. We have all figured that out. The numbers reflect it. In 2019, I ran across a theme camp leader who told me he had 700 Directed Group Sale tickets. Yes, 700. That is a disgustingly large number of tickets that would better serve the community through the Main Sale.

    So the decrease in Virgins doubled to -18% and the number of Directed Group Sale tickets tripled to +22%. Seems like there could be a correlation between these numbers. A Virgin is much more likely to try buying a ticket in the Main Sale – and of course, being unable to buy one after watching his cursor spin for an hour. Not much fun.

    Open Camping is also dying thanks to the huge increase in theme camps and associated tripling of Directed Group Sale tickets. My Virgin year, I bought a ticket in July. Actually, I bought two and ended up donating one.

    Nine burns later, I am very upset about the huge increase in theme camps and associated tripling of Directed Group Sale tickets. There are a lot of great theme camps that add plenty to Black Rock City. However, there are plenty of theme camps that only barely meet the requirements, add nothing to the community and are only ticket hoarding organizations.

    I have a lot of friends who open camp together. We are all veterans of many burns, we help build and run the city, and work for many different departments all week.

    We are tired of this theme camp and Directed Group Sale abuse. Specifically the theme camps who provide nothing to the community and take up much valuable space. They continue to push our open camping further and further out. Bright lights, a swing, loud music or spraying water on passers by once during the week should not qualify as a theme camp.

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    • pearlsnaps says:

      Your comments on quality of interactivity land well. There is soft-plug n play that happens under those auspices. The words about the main sale and virgins generated some thoughts.

      We had a very small art support camp last year that managed to gift art that I hope would be judged as worthy of the DGS. 1/3 of our camp was virgins. That number follows the previous time we were at the burn as well. Virgin = main sale is not entirely accurate. However being introduced to the burn as part of a community (of good standing) is a great experience and those virgins do indeed have a different first experience but the certainly arrive ready to participate. It is something we discuss with them. That they are giving up the opportunity to have a fully unencumbered first experience.

      I have always thought of the main sale as the universes sale. The one where she chooses those who are being called to the playa. We have always told those who ask about going to the burn who are not completely certain they wan to to go to enter the main sale. If you get a ticket… the universe wants you to be there!

      We also had a member of the crew that open camped just for that experience and while natural to camp with your placed crew. I never thought of it as a requirement. I have thought about it myself even!

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  • Colin Jemmott says:

    Great stuff – thanks for sharing!

    You wrote “2019 Average Age of Burners Remains Stagnant for the Second Year in a Row.” but the plot below that line (which is median rather than mean) seems to show the opposite – that it is increasing for the second year in a row. What gives?

    You also wrote “This is the first time in recent history that Black Rock City hasn’t shifted to be a younger demographic.” Again, from the plot below it seems like the opposite is true? Like, most years the median age goes up by one?

    The trend that jumps out to me is that there are almost no children anymore.

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  • SinglePly says:

    Funny. It looks like Marin County out there. The land where affluent white people are actively solving the world’s problems by opening more pot dispensaries and hiding from 5G and Sir Francis Drake!

    Marin County Demographics:
    Hispanic or Latino-15%
    Some Other Race-6%
    Two or More Races-4%
    Black or African American-2%
    American Indian-Below 1%
    Three or more races-Below 1%
    Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander-Below 1%
    Native Hawaiian-Below 1%

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  • Akeeagok says:

    Why aren’t Aboriginals or Inuits represented?

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  • Andrew says:

    No accounting for people of Jewish faith… Typical of white people to ignore us. We’re used to it, though. Nazi much? Racists!

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    • SinglePly says:

      I did some research and people of the Jewish faith are accounted for in the census. Please click on my name for the link. Unfortunately, the Palestinians were left out as usual. Also, I would like to point out that we are all apart of the homo sapiens race so instead of the Census being racist it could be interpreted as being anti-people of the Jewish faith except, of course, the Census did in fact account for people of the Jewish faith.

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  • aostv says:

    The stats are just mind blowing, that was the most detailed stuff i must say and agree at the same time.

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  • Yea says:

    It’s been a tough year for just about everyone I know. Thanks for carrying the torch the last mile and bringing us this info. Great job, super glad to have you as part of the community

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