Happy Solstice! It’s Burning Man’s Birthday

“One time at Burning Man,” the story often starts, and it’s only natural that it should. Stories by their nature are rooted in a time and a place, with a “once upon a time” to go with the “there I was.” For most Burning Man stories, the when is late August and the where is the Black Rock Desert, but this is not always the case. For international Burners the story might be set in another month on another continent, perhaps in another hemisphere where the seasons run contrariwise to the north’s. And for a few of the oldest old-timey Burners among us, it might be on a beach in San Francisco on the night of the solstice in June.

While it’s pretty widely known that Burning Man started in San Francisco before moving to the desert in 1990, many people, including longtime Burners, are surprised to learn that our earliest Burns took place earlier in the year. We know that Larry Harvey and Jerry James built a figure out of scrap wood and took it down to the beach, but why that particular beach, and why that particular evening?

“When I was in my late 30s, I lit a figure on fire on Baker Beach in San Francisco. It was me, a friend, and maybe eight people, tops. It was really just a product of the San Franciscan Bohemian milieu.”  —Larry Harvey

As it happens, the burning of the first Man connects to a tradition going back years on that beach, and going back immeasurably further in the human experience. In the early 1980s Larry attended several solstice art-party events on Baker Beach, loosely organized by a local sculptor and free spirit named Mary Graubarger.

In addition to being the birthplace of Burning Man, Baker Beach has a history of being clothing-optional, or as Graubarger described it, “Just a bunch of nude freaks going down to the beach to hang out.” In an interview she recalled that, “I’d get bored sitting around the studio, so I’d pick up stuff washed up on shore and build sculptures. We’d stay until the evening and cook, and then it seemed natural to torch the sculptures. It was a personal thing, for fun.” Larry, who discovered Mary’s solstice happenings through their mutual friend Jan Lohr, was inspired, and in 1986 instigated his own radically self-expressive solstice ritual with the burning of the first Man at Baker Beach.

As for the calendar date, that’s an older story. Since ancient times, humans have been coming together to observe the solstices, those two days of the year when the earth’s wobble reaches its wobbliest extremes, resulting in either the longest day of the year or the longest night, depending on where you’re standing on the globe. In either case there’s a long tradition of celebrations and bonfires, either to extend the magic of summer’s longest day or to turn back the night and hasten the coming of spring. In addition to the mythic burning of “wicker men,” spottily documented in Roman-era Britain, there are reliable accounts of Midsummer celebrations that may sound remarkably familiar to the modern Burner, involving both all-night bonfires and prodigious gifting. Back in the 1500s, an English historian wrote this account:

“The wealthier sort also before their doors, near to the said bonfires, would set out tables on the vigils furnished with sweet bread and good drink, and on the festival days with meats and drinks plentifully, whereunto they would invite their neighbours and passengers also to sit, and to be merry with them in great familiarity. On the [nights of] vigil, every man’s door being shadowed with green birch, long fennel, St. John’s Wort, Orpin, white lillies and such like, garnished upon with garlands of beautiful flowers, had also lamps of glass, with oil burnin’ in them all night, some hung branches of iron curiously wrought, containing hundreds of lamps lit at once, which made goodly show.”  —John Stow

Does that sound like a goodly rocking theme camp, or what?

Today, despite the COVID-19 pandemic and its attendant ills, despite the cancellation of two years’ worth of Black Rock Cities, it’s a comfort to think that the planet keeps on turning, wobbles and all, and that the solstices keep showing up on schedule. When Larry passed away in 2018 we weren’t sure at first how or when to best remember him in our lives. Certainly not on the anniversary of his death, a day better left forgotten. And instead of his birthday, the day he came squealing into the world (wearing, as we like to imagine, a tiny white Stetson), why not instead the birthday of his brainchild, the Burning Man? These days our stories may be rooted in a thousand times and places — but there can only ever be one first anything, and one point of origin. For Burning Man that was the night of the June solstice in 1986.

“Thank you Larry Harvey for the gift. A gift that has taught us to be courageous and to not allow our fears to overtake us. We are transformed from spectator to participant and we are given permission to become active contributors to our own creative process.” —Crimson Rose

To celebrate this auspicious birthday, please don’t send flowers (though if you want to set up a table outside your door like Mr. Stow’s olde English friends and give away tasty victuals under a bower of blooms, please have at it). As Caveat likes to say, “Burning Man is a verb.” It’s not something you consume, like a cake, it’s more about the baking and the making, and the sharing. So how about we all get out there and make some Burning Man this weekend: to honor departed friends, to reconnect with campmates, or just to celebrate a Midsummer’s (or, if you’re antipodean, Midwinter’s) evening. Here are a few ideas to get you started.

Gather your favorite humans and have an old-fashioned watch party of Larry: A Burning Man Story, a film by Profiles in Dust chronicling the life and influence of Burning Man’s founder. Featuring rare archival footage and interviews with Larry’s friends, family and colleagues, the film will stream on demand from Kindling starting June 20.

If you’re in the Bay Area on June 20, join the East Bay Burners’ Untrash the Planet and Dancepark to de-MOOP a stretch of greenery along the San Francisco Bay. All are welcome for a day of dancing and civic fun.

Burning Man is happening right now, wherever you happen to be reading this. Check out our new “365: A Burning Man Field Guide” — a veritable cornucopia of ideas for Burning NOW (yes, now) wherever you are.

What’s YOUR once upon a time at Burning Man? How were you inspired to bring more immediacy, creativity and wonder into the world? Share your stories with the Burnerverse. Add your Larry Harvey memories, musings, photos, or videos to our Thanks Larry page. Post your solstice celebration on social media using #thankslarry, #larryharvey, and #burningsolstice.


Cover image: Baker Beach Burn, 1989 (Photo by Stewart Harvey)

About the author: Stuart Mangrum

Stuart Mangrum

Stuart is the director of the Philosophical Center of Burning Man Project. Since 1993 he has held organizational roles in communications and education, and has contributed as an artist, theme camp organizer, and bullhorn bon vivant. He's the host of the Burning Man LIVE podcast and godfather to the Burning Man Documentation Team.

9 Comments on “Happy Solstice! It’s Burning Man’s Birthday

  • Burning Man Project Communications says:

    Reminder: Burning Man Project has a responsibility to maintain this space for the benefit of all participants, to ensure that comments serve to enhance the experience of our visitors, rather than cause harm. While spirited conversation is welcome, unruly and rude behavior is not. Posts that are harmful to others or run counter to the spirit of civil discourse may be removed.

    Please review our COMMENT POLICY here, then comment with care: https://journal.burningman.org/comment-policy/

    Report comment

  • Fred says:

    Let us all take a moment and remember Larry Harvey and all he has sacrificed for us. Larry brought peace to everyone he ever met. He was a truest example of selflessness, ultimate wisdom; a shining symbol of pure love and light in human form.

    Report comment

    • Martha says:

      So true! I once met Larry on the playa. I shook his hand and I felt something move through my body. I felt lighter and my asthma cleared up almost immediately and has never come back. He had a glow around him and I could hear birds, but there were no birds. I turned around when someone called my name, and when I looked back one second later, Larry was gone.

      Report comment

      • Steve says:

        Larry’s amazing life is an example to live by. Sometimes when I don’t know if I should do the right or wrong thing, I wonder – what would Larry do? I follow the 10 Principles every day. When I’m lost or confused I read Larry’s writings and I find peace and solace. I’m not perfect, I’ve done some bad things, but living my life by the teachings of Larry Harvey has given me meaning. Sometimes I feel Larry is looking down on me and guiding me through this troubled world.

        Report comment

  • payton says:

    Great article! And timely. Picking up trash sounds like lots of fun. Let’s go burners :-)

    Report comment

  • Jessica says:

    How interesting and what a splendid idea! Cheers to Larry from around the globe.
    In this part of the world bonfres have been burned for Midsummer forever and a day. They are called “John’s Fire” or “Johannisfeuer” as that is name of the day for the 21st of June based on catholic calendars. It is also a getting together in every small village, eating, drinking, dancing, staying up all night, a gathering of all ages, and faiths, non-denominational – though not nude, mostly ;-).
    Unfortunately, it has been restricted due to Covid – but we are all willing and creative enough to have it return again!
    Have a great solstice every one!

    Report comment

  • mi-ek says:

    I’m looking at this sunny day out here dancing in these in green woods and thinking of all the Goodness that has arisen and continues to flourish from the sandy beach to the dusty realms and now throughout the world.

    Thank you Larry – and to all of you who are continuing to carry his Flame.

    Report comment

  • Bryn Tilly says:

    So, this month is the 35th anniversary of the first Burning Man.

    Report comment

    • Kirsten Weisenburger says:

      That’s correct! So if Burning Man was a human, it would be a fully-fledged adult out in the world, possibly finished college or well into its life career, maybe with a couple kids and a truck.

      Report comment

  • Comments are closed.